Indonesia is the richest country in the ancient era.Past Indonesia is very rich. This is evidenced by information from a variety of ancient sources. This time we will discuss the wealth of each island in Indonesia. The islands that we mentioned would be seven major parts of Sumatra, Java, the small Sunda Islands, Borneo, Sulawesi, the Moluccas, and Papua.
Sumatra - Golden Island.In various inscriptions, Sumatra island called by the Sanskrit name: Suwarnadwipa ("golden island") or Suwarnabhumi ("land of gold"). These names have been used in Indian texts before Christ. Also known as the island of Sumatra Andalas.
At the time of the 18th Dynasty Pharaoh in Egypt (around 1.567SM-1.339SM), on the west coast of Sumatra island has no bustling port, with the name of Barus. Barus (Lobu Old - Tapanuli) is estimated to have been around 3000 years before Christ. Barus is known as the place of origin of mothballs. Turns camphor or camphor is used as a preservative one mummy of ancient Egyptian pharaohs.
In addition Barus, Sumatra there are also other ancient kingdoms. A source tells the Ancient Jewish manuscripts bekalan gold to build state of the Kingdom of Prophet Solomon was taken from an ancient kingdom in the Far East called Ophir. The possibility of Ophir is in West Sumatra. In West Sumatra there is a mountain Ophir. Friends of Mount Ophir anehdidunia.com (also known as G. Talamau) is one of the highest mountain in West Sumatra, which is contained in the Pasaman. Reportedly gold region in Sumatra which are the largest in the kingdom of Minangkabau. According to ancient sources, in that kingdom there are high mountains and containing gold. It is said that the center of the Minangkabau kingdom situated in the middle of digging gold. Gold-gold which is then exported from the port number, such as Kampar, Indragiri, Pariaman, Rat, Barus, and Pedir. Sumatra also stand Srivijaya Empire which later evolved into the first major kingdom in the archipelago which has the effect of up to Thailand and Cambodia in the north, to the east of the Moluccas.
Now the mineral wealth contained many mined Sumatra island. Many types of minerals found in the island of Sumatra in addition to gold. Sumatra has a variety of minerals, such as coal, gold, and lead. It is not impossible in fact materials such as gold mining and many others yet to be discovered on the island of Sumatra. Some people believe actually contains a lot of gold Sumatra apart from what is found now. If that is true then it will be known as the Sumatra island of gold back.
Java - Rice Island.Formerly known as Java Yavadvipa. Yavadvipa derived from Sanskrit which means "Island Rice" and called in the Hindu epic Ramayana. Epic said "Yavadvipa, decorated seven kingdoms, Island Gold and silver, with a rich gold mine", as one of the most remote parts of the earth. Greek geographer, Ptolemy also wrote about the existence of "the land of gold" and "silver state" and the islands, including the island "" Iabadiu "which means" Island Rice ".
Ptolemy mentions in the west end Iabadiou (Yavadvipa) located Argyre (Silver City). Silver City was likely the ancient Sundanese kingdom, Salakanagara located in western Java. Salakanagara in the history of Sunda (Wangsakerta) also called Rajatapura. Salaka interpreted together with the silver while the country of the city, so Salakanagara many interpreted as Silver City.
Java is also a great stand Majapahit empire. Majapahit kingdom was recorded as the largest in the archipelago who managed to unite the archipelago covering Sumatra, the Malay peninsula, Borneo, Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara islands, Maluku, Papua, and some islands of the Philippines. In Wang Ta-yuan notes, commodity exports at the time is Java pepper, salt, cloth, and a parrot. Its currency is made of a mixture of silver, tin, lead, and copper. In addition, note monks visit Rome in 1321, Odorico da Pordenone, said that the palace of the King of Java is filled with gold, silver, and gems.
According to many experts, is the world's most fertile island of Java. This makes sense, because the concentration of Java has a very high volcano. Many active volcanoes in Java. Mount is why Java is very fertile soil with nutrients that are needed by plants.
Raffles author of The History of Java was amazed at the natural fertility of Java that has no rival in any hemisphere. "If all the land that is used," he wrote, "there can be no region in the world that can match the quantity, quality, and variety of plants that produced this island."
Java is now supplying 53 percent of Indonesian food needs. Rice farming is widely available in Java because it has a remarkable fertility. Java is said to be Indonesia's rice granary. Java is also famous for its coffee called Java coffee. Rainfall and soil acidity in Java is very fitting for the cultivation of coffee. Much better than coffee in Latin America or Africa.
Other food agricultural products such as vegetables and fruits are also benyak in Java, for example peanuts, green beans, leeks, onions, potatoes, cabbage, turnips, cabbage, beans, carrots, green beans, spinach, cucumber, peppers, eggplant, squash, beans, tomatoes, avocado, citrus, durian, Duku, guava, rose apple, guava bol, pineapple, mango, papaya, banana, brown, bark, apples, grapes and rambutan. Even in Java are now trying to plant wheat and palm trees. It is not impossible if the land in Java is used and processed agricultural products to the maximum for Java can be very rich just from agriculture.
Small Sunda Islands (Bali, NTB and NTT) - Travel Islands.Ptolemaeus mentions, there are three named Sunda islands located in the east of India. Based on that information then the scientists using the European earth Sundanese word to name the region and some islands in eastern India. A number of islands that later formed the Sunda plains are named by using the term Sunda also the Great Sunda Islands and the Lesser Sunda Islands. Great Sunda Islands is the set consisting of the large island of Sumatra, Java, Madura and Kalimantan. While the Lesser Sunda islands is Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba, and Timor.
Small Sunda Islands area is known as a tourist area for its natural beauty is stunning. Since the first has anyone traveled to this area. Travelling around the 8th century sage Markandiya from Java to Bali, have to travel to bring keagaman missions. Similarly Kuturan professor who developed the concept of Tri Sakti in Bali came around the 11th century. In 1920 tourists from Europe began to come to Bali. Bali in Europe is also known as the Island of God.
In another place in the Lesser Sunda Islands precisely in the area of West Nusa Tenggara known from the results of livestock such as horses, cattle, and buffalo. Horses have been known Nusa southeast world since hundreds of years ago. Century 13 M West Nusa Tenggara have sent horses to the island of Java. Lombok is also known as a place of kings holidays. The kings of the royal Balinese Narmada build in 1727 AD in the area of Lombok Island to relieve fatigue moment of routines in the kingdom.
Small Sunda region is no less rich NTT, because in this area there is a very precious sandalwood. Sandalwood is a native plant that grows in the Indonesian province of East Nusa Tenggara. Companion anehdidunia.com sandalwood from East Nusa Tenggara have been trading since the early centuries AD. Since the early centuries AD, many traders from the western part of Indonesia and China sailed into various regions producing sandalwood in East Nusa Tenggara, especially the island of Sumba and Timor Island. Solomon is said to wear sandal to make the pillars in the temple of Solomon, and for musical instruments. Solomon's import timber from distant places which may sandalwood comes from the East.
Now the small Sunda Islands is a famous tourist spot in the world. Bali is a beautiful island in the world. Lombok is also one of the most beautiful places in the world. Meanwhile in the East Nusa southeast there is an ancient island inhabited only animal in the world that is still alive is dragons. Small Sunda Islands is a mysterious place and very charming. These islands can get a lot of travelers from all over the wealth of the world if managed optimally.
Borneo - energy Granary Island.But the name of the third largest island in the world is Warunadwipa which means God of the Sea Island. Borneo in Chinese news (T'ai p'ing huan yu chi) is called the li Chin Shih p'i. Nusa Kencana "is the designation of the island of Borneo in the ancient Javanese manuscripts. Malays call Hujung Island Land (P'ulo Chung). Borneo is the name used by the British and Dutch colonial.
In ancient times the foreign merchants come to the island looking for the commodity of natural products such as camphor, candles and bird nest to barter with high-value ceramic urn in the Dayak community. The Indian and Malay migrants entering estuaries to search for farming land and managed to find the gold and diamond mines in the island.
In Kalimantan, Kutai kingdom stands. Kutai Martadipura is patterned oldest Hindu kingdom in the archipelago. Name Kutai already mentioned since the 4th century (four) in the Indian news Kutai expressly mention the name "Quetaire" as well as the Chinese news on abat to 9 (nine) called Kutai as "Kho They" meaning the kingdom large. And at age 13 (thirteen) in ancient literature Kertagama State Book compiled by professor prapanca written with the term "Alas Kute". Kutai past civilizations is at the early milestone era in Indonesian history.
Now the island of Borneo is one of the barns natural resources in Indonesia have some resources that can be used as an energy source, such as coal, oil, gas and geothermal. Kalimantan Forests containing peat can be used as a good source of energy for electricity generation and heating instead of coal. The remarkable thing turns Borneo has plenty of reserves of uranium that could be used for nuclear power plants. Besides, Borneo also has another potential source provider that is a botanical or renewable energy. Botanical sources of energy or bioenergy from palm oil is oil. The island of Borneo is very rich.
Sulawesi - Iron Island.The Arabs called the Sulawesi with Sholibis name. The Dutch call this island by the name of Celebes. The island has been inhabited by humans since 30,000 years ago as evidenced by the presence of ancient relics on the island. For example, the location of prehistoric stone age Besoa Valley.
Sulawesi name supposedly comes from the word 'Sula' which means island and 'iron'. Sulawesi Island is the largest since the first bessi (iron), so it is not surprising Ussu and around the lake Matana containing iron and Nikkel. In Sulawesi once stood Luwu Kingdom, which is one of the oldest kingdoms in Sulawesi. Luwu an iron-producing region. Bessi Luwu or Luwu weapon (dagger or kawali) is very famous for its potency, not only in Sulawesi Sulawesi but also outside. In the history of Majapahit, Luwu area is tributary kingdom, besides known as a major supplier of iron to Majapahit, Maluku and others. According to records, since the XIV century Luwu has been known as a melting iron.
Sulawesi has also been established Kingdom of Gowa Tallo ever topped glory that radiates from Sombaopu, the capital of the Kingdom of Gowa Dobo strait to the east, to the north to Sulu, to the west up to the mammal and south through the Lesser Sunda, outside the island Bali up to Marege (northern Australia). It shows broad powers covering more than two thirds of the Archipelago.
During prosperous times will spice trade in the 15th century to 19, Sulawesi, Maluku islands as a gateway, an island rich in spices. Great kingdoms such as Makassar and Bone as mentioned in the history of eastern Indonesia, has played an important role. In the 14th century AD, the Sulawesi can make a boat to explore the world. Phinisi boat made Bugis society at that time was able to sail to Madagascar in Africa, a journey across the oceans which requires great determination and extraordinary courage. This proves that the Bugis have an amazing ability to make a boat, and has a nautical spirit high. At the same time the new Vasco da Gama first start exploration in 1497 in search of spices, and discovered new continents in the east, who previously pioneered Marco Polo.
Up to now Sulawesi is very rich in minerals include iron, copper, gold, silver, nickel, titanium, manganese cement, iron sand / black, sulfur, kaolin and mineral C as sand, stone, gravel and trass. If only managed well for the prosperity of the people of the whole people get rich Sulawesi.
Moluccas - the Spice Islands.Maluku has a real name "Jazirah al-Mulk" which means a collection / royal peninsula consisting of small kingdoms. Maluku is known as the Thousand Island region and socio-cultural diversity and abundant natural resources. The Dutch called it 'the three golden from the east' (three gold from the east) which Ternate, Banda and Ambon. Before the arrival of the Dutch, Portuguese writer and physician, Tome Pirez wrote the book 'Summa Oriental' that have inscribed on Ternate, Ambon and Banda as 'the island of spices'.
In the past Maluku region known as the producer of spices like cloves and nutmeg. Cloves are the ancient spice that has been known and used for thousands of years BC. The tree itself is native to the Moluccas (Ternate and Tidore), formerly known by the explorers as the Spice Islands.
In 4000 years ago in the kingdom of Egypt, Pharaoh 12th dynasty, Sesoteris III. Through the data regarding the transaction Egyptian archaeologists in importing incense, ebony, incense, ivory, from the mysterious land where "Punt" is derived. Although archaeological support is lacking, the country "baboons" can be identified after Giorgio Buccellati find a container that contains objects such as clove in the middle Euphrates. In the period 1700 BC, the cloves are just in the Maluku islands, Indonesia. In the Middle Ages (around 1600 AD) clove spice once one of the most popular and expensive in Europe, exceeding the price of gold.
In addition to cloves, spices from the Moluccas is the fruit of Nutmeg. Fruit Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) tree is a plant form that is derived from the Banda Islands, Maluku. Due to the high value as a spice, fruit and nutmeg trade has become an important commodity in the Roman period. Seeing the high price of spices that time many Europeans then look for the spice islands. Actually searched Christopher Columbus to the west is the road to the Moluccas, 'The Island of Spices' (Spice Islands), although in the end he just discovered a new continent called America. Spices are one of the reasons why the Portuguese explorer Vasco Da Gama reached India and the Moluccas.
Now the Moluccas could actually returned victorious with their crops if kept well developed. Maluku get rich crops and sea.
Papua - a paradise island.Papua is the second largest island in the world. At around the year 200 AD, Geography expert named Ptolamy LABADIOS call it by name. At the end of the year 500 AD, the Chinese author named Ghau Yu TUNGKI Kua gives the name, and by the end of the year 600 AD, the kingdom of Srivijaya Papua naming using JANGGI name. Tidore give a name to this island and its inhabitants as PAPA-UA that has changed the title into PAPUA. In 1545, Inigo Ortiz de Guinee Retes give NUEVA name and no other sailors who named ISLA DEL ORO which means the Island of Gold. Robin Osborne in his book, Indonesias Secret War: The Guerilla Struggle in Irian Jaya (1985), dubbed Indonesia's easternmost province as a lost paradise.
It is not known whether the BC ancient civilizations in Papua has been there kingdom. It could be that there are ancient civilizations have developed in Papua. At a conference on road and traffic lights in 1963 in Pretoria (South Africa), CS Downey argued about an isolated settlement in the middle of dense forest Wilhelmina Mountains (Peg. TRIKORA) in the western part of New Guinea (Papua) which have advanced lighting system. The merchants who painstakingly managed to penetrate into this settlement to tell horror illumination light very brightly lit from a few months in the top of the pillars there. The light bulbs seem strangely glowing after sunset and continued to burn throughout the night every day. We do not know the truth of this story but if true it is a wonderful thing and should continue to be investigated.
Papua has been known for its natural resources since the first. In the 18th century AD, the ruler of the kingdom of Srivijaya, sending offerings to the Chinese empire. In the offering would be some birds of paradise, which is believed to be a bird of paradise garden that is native of Papua. With a strong fleet Sriwijaya visit Maluku and Papua to trade spices - spices, perfume - perfume, pearls and feathers of birds of Paradise. At the time of Majapahit Kingdom a number of areas in Papua have been included in the territory of Majapahit. In the sixteenth century the North Coast to the West Bird's Head region until Namatota (Kab.Fak-fa) South side, as well as the islands - islands into the area surrounding the Sultan of Tidore.
Papua is very rich. Copper and Gold is a natural resource that are very abundant in Papua. Papua is famous for the production of the world's largest gold and various mining and natural resources that are so abundant. Papua is also touted as a small paradise that fell to earth. Papua is a biodiversity haven left on earth today. In 2006 reported a survey team consisting of American explorers, Indonesia and Australia conducted a review in most mountainous areas Foja Indonesian province of Papua. There they find a magic place which they called "lost world", and "Garden of Eden on earth", to see dozens of species of birds, butterflies, frogs and plants that have never been recorded in history. If managed well, the Papuans could be more prosperous with the abundant natural wealth.
So little has been written about the islands in Indonesia is very rich. From this work, that Indonesia is known as a rich earth since the time of ancient civilizations. We do not know exactly what ancient civilizations have existed in the archipelago. It could be that there has been an ancient civilization and prosper in Indonesian history is unrecorded. Brazilian scientist, Prof.. Dr.. Aryso Santos, confirms the theory that Atlantis is the area that is now called Indonesia. Indonesia is a region that is regarded as the heir of Atlantis. Plato says that Atlantis is a prosperous state that all the time sunbathe.
Oppenheimer in the book "Eden in the East: The Drowned Continent of Southeast Asia", submitted that the Sundaland (Indonesia) is the Garden of Eden (Garden of Eden). that the Garden of Eden (Eden) was not in the Middle East, but rather in Sundaland. Indonesia is a fertile and beautiful land that lies in the path of the fire ring (pacific ring of fire), which marked the presence of more than 500 volcanoes in Indonesia. Indonesia can be called a paradise surrounded by a ring of fire. But regardless of whether or not we all agree to say that the fact that Indonesia is a country very rich in agricultural products, sea and culture.
Native Indonesian culture has lived thousands of years before the Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations began writing on stone. Indonesian civilization probably did not start with the tradition of writing, but oral tradition has been rooted in the life and soul of the ancient people of our nation.
Indonesian Natural wealthy and well cared for by our ancestors also become one of the factors that make the archipelago a source of world attention. Indonesia is a country located at the equator which has abundant natural resources in addition to its strategic location geographically. Natural resources ranging from marine resources, forests, minerals to spread from Sabang to Merauke. Now start new mines are found in Indonesia. Indonesian people will be surprised by the wealth of nature what else will emerge from within the Earth Indonesia.
This rich earth if managed properly will make all the people of Indonesia can gain tremendous wealth so that it can be a time of Indonesia's people do not need to be taxed as it is today, and all facilities can be enjoyed for free blessing of abundant natural resources that are shared to the people fairly. Indonesia needs is a good ruler, fair and very good at loving people and reject any form of policies that make it difficult for society. It is time for Indonesia to rise towards glory. If it could be done Indonesian richest country in the world.
Thank you for reading this article.
Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.