Sunday, 30 March 2014

You Know About the B-2 Spirit?

Aircraft B-2

Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit stealth fighter technology is used for the bomber (Stealth Bomber). The plane is made of thermoplastic material that is used by the U.S. Air Force War. "Northrop Grumman is the prime contractor for the U.S. Air Force stealth bomber B-2 Spirit."
This aircraft was first introduced to the public, and first flew in 1988, July 17, 1989, as still active. The aircraft is not able to fly quickly and easily destroyed if visible. Therefore, Northrop Grumman has developed a new radar absorbent coating to preserve the characteristics of the B-2's stealth drastically, to reduce maintenance time. The new material, known as an alternate high frequency material (AHFM), applied by four robots are controlled independently.
The mission of this aircraft is to destroy the enemy base or military bases, without visible radar. Excess B-2 is able to penetrate the air defense shield (radar) is advanced. The aircraft is capable of attacking all targets from an altitude of up to 50,000 feet (16.656 kilometers) from the sea level, with a range of more than 6,000 nm without refueling (unrefueled) and over 10,000 nm with one refueling, giving the ability to fly to any point in the world within a few hours.

In the state of aircraft B-2

situation in the plane.

Twenty-one pieces of the B-2 Spirit was first delivered to Whiteman Air Force Base in Missouri, in December 1993. In the first three years of service, the operational B-2 Spirit, reached a level of reliability of 90%, when a surprise attack. An assessment published by the USAF showed that two B-2 Spirit with precision weaponry can do the job of 75 conventional aircraft.
For a mission abroad, has also developed a system that can be transported to a hangar various destinations, in various countries. A hangar system, has a length of 126 feet, 55 feet wide and 250 feet tall. The first hangar hangar has been established at Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean.

B-2 aircraft to refuel in the air.

refueling in the air.

Before the development of this hangar system, each performing a mission akli depleted, B-2 Spirit must return to Whiteman AFB, for the maintenance of the "stealth" of the aircraft. B-2 Spirit is used for the first time during Operation Iraqi Freedom in March / April 2003. In March 2005, the squadron of B-2 was placed for the first time to Andersen Air Force Base in Guam, with aircraft B-1 and B-52, to support and strengthen the defense of the USAF Command Asia Pacific. Others focused on the war in the Middle East.
Demons were often seen in the area of ​​Kosovo, Iraq, and Afghanistan. Making a triangular futuristic aircraft that spent USD 737 million - 2.2 billion per unit. These costs make the stealth bomber became the most expensive military aircraft in the world.
B-2 Spirit is a carrier aircraft bombs (bomber) with stealth technology (stealth) is a mainstay of the U.S. Air Force for long-range operations. Aircraft including the B-2 Spirit strategic bomber as one that has been recognized by the military ability.  Unique capacities , including its stealth characteristics, allow the bombers to penetrate enemy defenses once the most stringent, and with high precision can drop bombs on targets belonging to the opponent vital. Permissibility B-2 Spirit has been shown in military operations in Iraq a few years ago.
Strategic bomber B-2 Spirit is only owned and operated by the U.S.. This stealth aircraft is a blend of cruising the farthest, the largest carrying capacity weapons, and stealth technology that is unmatched by any air force. Without refueling, the B-2 Spirit is able to take flight as far as 6,000 nautical miles, and with one refill of fuel in the air, the plane can travel a distance of 10,000 nautical miles. With a payload capacity of 20 tons of conventional and nuclear weapons, and send it in the right weather conditions, the B-2 has the ability to change the outcome of a conflict only with a bombing mission.
Bomber B-2 Spirit has been developed since 1978 under the program ATB (Advanced Technology Bomber). The new ATB program became public in 1981. And on November 22, 1988, a new public also knows about the existence of manufactured strategic bomber Northrop Grumman is then made its maiden flight on July 17, 1989.
As a strategic bomber that is difficult to beat, B-2 Spirit certainly has a very high price, even becoming a military aircraft with the most expensive price ever in the history of military aviation. Informed that the price of one unit of B-2 Spirit is a U.S. $ .2,4 billion. Operational and maintenance costs no less expensive. For one hour flight, the aircraft needed treatment for 124 hours.
The U.S. military initially planned to purchase 132 units of the B-2 Spirit bomber. But collided with a very expensive price, only 21 units were realized purchase. After the accident 1 unit B-2 Spirit at Andersen Air Base in Guam, the number of B-2 that strengthens the U.S. Air Force to 20 units. Currently 19 unit B-2 Spirit is based in Whiteman air base. Meanwhile, one unit of B-2 Spirit is in the air base Edward, Calif., for software development and armament systems.

History Grey. 

As with other aircraft, despite having all the advanced equipment, B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber never experienced a period of gray. Super sophisticated B-2 bomber, crashed after a failed takeoff from Andersen Air Base in Guam, Pacific Islands, Saturday (23/02/2008) at around 10:45 local time. This is the first anti-aircraft radar incident dubbed "Demon" who fall since its introduction to the public in 1988.
Capt. Sheila Johnston, a spokesman for Air Combat Command at Langley Air Force Base Center of Virginia, USA, said, in an incident that two pilots reportedly managed to get out of the plane, who was not carrying ammunition, and survived.
Both crew members were withheld his name from combat units 509. "We are investigating the cause of the accident immediately," said Johnston.
According to Maj. Eric Hilliard of Hickham airbase, Hawaii, the B-2 weighs 152.6 tons that crashed shortly after take-off with three similar aircraft. The accident occurred when one of the three aircraft capable of driving 716 miles per hour it suddenly slid down. This is their flight schedule last four months after operation. As a result of this accident, three other aircraft directly secured in Guam. "Before the B-2 stealth aircraft crashed, actually there is one other stealth aircraft successfully took off. However, the aircraft's call to the base some time after the incident," he explained. But this plane resumed operations in April 2008.

Pentagon spokesman Geoff Morrell confirmed the incident immediately to the Secretary of Defense at the time, Robert Gates. But, Gates was on a visit to some Pacific countries, including Indonesia, declined to give further details.


United States Air Force
509th Bomb Wing, Whiteman Air Force Base (Current, 19 aircraft)
13th Bomb Squadron
393d Bomb Squadron
394th Combat Training Squadron
412th Test Wing, Edwards Air Force Base (Current, one aircraft)
419th Flight Test Squadron, Edwards Air Force Base
53D Wing, Eglin Air Force Base (past)
72D Test and Evaluation Squadron, Whiteman Air Force Base
57th Wing, Nellis Air Force Base (past)
325th Weapons Squadron, Whiteman Air Force Base
715th Weapons Squadron (inactivated)


Orthographically projected diagram of the B-2 Spirit.
Data from Global Security.
Common traits.
Crew: 2
Length: 69 ft (21 m)
Wing span: 172 ft (52.4 m)
Height: 17 ft (5.2 m)
Wing area: 5,000 ft ² (460 m²)
Empty weight: 158,000 lb (71.7 t)
Weight content: 336.500 lb (152.6 t)
Maximum takeoff weight: 376,000 lb (171.0 t)
Engine: 4 × General Electric F118-GE-100 turbofans, 17,300 lbf (77 kN) each

Maximum speed: 410 knots (760 km / h, 470 mph)
Range: 5,600 nm (10,400 km, 6,400 mi)
Limit ceiling: 50,000 ft (15,000 m)
Wing loading: 67.3 lb / ft ² (329 kg / m²)
Thrust / weight: 0.205

2 internal bays for 50,000 lb (22,700 kg) of ordnance.
80 × 500 lb class bombs (Mk-82) mounted on Bomb Rack Assembly (BRA)
36 × 750 lb CBU class bombs on BRA
16 × 2000 lb class weapons (Mk-84, JDAM-84, JDAM-102) mounted on Rotary Launcher Assembly (RLA)
16 × B61 or B83 nuclear weapons on RLA.
So, thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
author : Sunarno.
name : Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished : Maret 30, 2014 at 12.49
Tag : You Know About the B-2 Spirit?

Tuesday, 11 February 2014

Did You Know How to Work Gasoline Engine Four Steps?

How petrol engine four stages of work ... "Blue is the gas-water mixture, red is an explosion of gas-water mixture, and black is the exhaust ..."

Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: February 11, 2014 at 16.38

Tag ; Did You Know How to Work Gasoline Engine Four Steps?

Thursday, 30 January 2014

Do You Own The Most Extreme Body Parts in the World?

Cathie Jung: World's Smallest Waist -15 inches. 

The woman with the smallest waist in the world.

The above image is the original, without any engineering. Cathie Jung's tiny waist measures just 15 inches (38 cm), making the shape of her body like an hourglass. Corset Queen, so he named himself, was wearing a tight corset for decades to establish her up so, and appeared in the Guinness Book of World Records in 2007 on the part of the body. He is currently the record holder for the smallest waist in the world that is still alive, while the record for the smallest waist ever held by Ethel Granger who had deceased with only a 13 inch waist size.

Svetlana Pankratova: World's Longest Legs - more than 4 feet. 

The woman with the longest legs in the world.

A Russian woman Svetlana Pankratova, according to the Guinness World Records, has the longest legs than any woman in the world. He is not the tallest woman in the world, but the legs have length 132 cm (4 feet and 4 inches. Due upper body the same as a woman's body shape on average, it has a height of 196 cm (6 feet and 5 inches). He also has size big feet, size 13 (U.S.) / 46 (EU), making it difficult to find the right shoes. since 1992 to 1995, Pankratove playing basketball in the United States, and in 2008 she appeared in Trafalgar Square in London with He Pingping, the smallest man in the world, to promote the Guinness World Records book edition 2009.

Vivian Wheeler: World's Longest Female Beard -11 inches. 

 Vivian Wheeler is the owner of the world's longest beard for a female.

With the longest hair in the beard (11 inches or 27.9 cm), Vivian Wheeler is the owner of the world's longest beard for a female. His father insisted that he shave his beard when he was 7 years old, but since 1993 Vivian Wheeler has never let his beard grow.

Lui Hua: World's Largest Hand - his left thumb measuring 10.2 inches. 

Chinese man named Lui Hua suffers disorder known as macrodactyly.

  Chinese man named Lui Hua suffers disorder known as macrodactyly. When he was hospitalized in Shanghai in July 2007, his left thumb measuring 10.2 inches and his index finger measured about 12 cm. on July 20 surgeons spent 7 hours to reduce the size of Liu's fingers and thumb. The doctors throw 11 pounds of flesh and bone in the operation. The second operation is scheduled to take place soon.

Annika Irmler: World's Longest Female Tongue - 2.7 inches. 

A German student named Annika Imler with 7 cm long tongue is amazing.

A German student named Annika Imler has 'lick' so he could record in the Guinness Book of Records with a length of 7 cm tongue is amazing. 12-year-old student from Tangstedt, near Hamburg this, can lick the ice cream from the bottom of the cone - while her friends have to use a finger.

Lee Redmond: World's Longest Finger Nails - until he lost the fingernails in a car accident. 

Lee Redmond, a woman from Utah who has never cut his nails, and have elongated and up to 8.65 meters (28 feet and 4.5 inches)

 Lee Redmond, a woman from Utah who has never cut her fingernails since 1979, has been taking care of her nails elongate and carefully up to 8.65 meters long (28 feet and 4.5 inches), and recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records as the owner of the longest finger nails dii world. Unfortunately, in February 2009 she lost her nails in a car accident.

Radhakant Baijpai: World's Longest Ear Hair - up to 10 inches. 

Radhakant he has the longest ear hair in the world.

A trader from India Radhakant Baijpai certainly have a purpose in life: to make sure that he has the longest ear hair in the world. Radhakant crowned by Guinness as the world record holder for the longest ear hair in the world in 2003 ago, when his hair already has a length of 13.2 cm. After years of caring for the hair, hair Radhakant now reached 25 cm. Now he is waiting for the Guinness judges to ensure that he has made a new record for that category.

Mehmet Ozyurek: World's Longest Nose - 4.5 inches. 

Mehmet Ozyurek, born in Turkey in 1949, has been confirmed as the owner of the world's longest nose.

  Mehmet Ozyurek, born in Turkey in 1949, has been confirmed as the owner of the world's longest nose. His nose has a length of 4.5 inches (8.8 cm) when last measured on July 6, 2007. Currently he lives in Artvin, Turkey.

Devendra Harne and Pranamya Menaria: Total Finger Hand and Foot Most - 25. 

Both are originally from India and has a number of fingers and toes as much as 25 pieces (12 fingers and 13 toes) as a result of polidaktilsme.

Same with Pranamya Menaria, Devendra Harne share the title as the number of toes and fingers in the world. Both are originally from India and has a number of fingers and toes as much as 25 pieces (12 fingers and 13 toes) as a result of polidaktilsme.

Frank Ames: World's Longest Eyelashes - 3.7 inches. 

Frank Ames who lives in Saranac, New York to record his name as the owner of the longest eyelashes of 9.6 cm.

Frank Ames who lives in Saranac, New York to record his name in the Guinness Book of World Records for his pair of lashes which has a length of 9.6 cm. He decided to put themselves forward as the record holder in 2003, unfortunately at that time that category does not exist. After contacting officials of the Guinness Book of World Records, he claimed the new record. "I do not know why my lashes grow like this, but this is the reality," he told reporters.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: January 30, 2014 at 17.14
Tag : Do You Own The Most Extreme Body Parts in the World?

This is Women World's Longest Legs owners.

Svetlana Pankratova with the longest legs in the world.

This woman has a fairly long legs, long legs because this woman holds the women's record with the longest legs in the world. Woman named Svetlana Pankratova have unusual foot size with the other woman, Svetlana Pankratova leg length reaches 1, 3 Meters which makes him crowned as the female owner of the longest legs in the world. His record in the Guinness Book of World Records as the owner of the longest foot when the foot gets Svetlana Pankratova has a length of 1, 2 Meter. With long legs so the overall height Svetlana Pankratova reached 1.8 meters. Have long legs for Svetlana Pankratova was not easy he sometimes teased often in many people because of his long legs. "It's not easy at all because the kids love teasing you," said the Russian-born woman. "They love to tease because I looked different. So I was often teased because of the high. "
Although Svetlana Pankratova feet long, but he was not the tallest woman in the world record for the tallest woman in the world is now held by Yao Defen with a height of 2.3 m. Thank you for reading this article.  Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
name: Bambang Sunarno.'s-longest-legs-owners.html
DatePublished: January 30, 2014 at 16.25
Tag : This is Women World's Longest Legs owners.

Tuesday, 31 December 2013


Bambang Sunarno.

Logo Happy New Year 2014.

I speak to:
Google crew, Crew Webmaster, Google Analytic Crew, Crew Bing, Technorati Crew, Crew Feed Burner, Google adwords and the crew Bloggers around the world ... 


"The past is history, today is a scratch, tomorrow is hope.
Welcome to the new year 2014. Along with the memories gone, welcome hope. " 

I say:


May God give grace to us all. 

From me,
Tag ; HAPPY NEW YEAR 2014.

Thursday, 5 December 2013

Indonesia is the richest country in the ancient era.

Past Indonesia is very rich. This is evidenced by information from a variety of ancient sources. This time we will discuss the wealth of each island in Indonesia. The islands that we mentioned would be seven major parts of Sumatra, Java, the small Sunda Islands, Borneo, Sulawesi, the Moluccas, and Papua.

Sumatra - Golden Island. 

In various inscriptions, Sumatra island called by the Sanskrit name: Suwarnadwipa ("golden island") or Suwarnabhumi ("land of gold"). These names have been used in Indian texts before Christ. Also known as the island of Sumatra Andalas.
At the time of the 18th Dynasty Pharaoh in Egypt (around 1.567SM-1.339SM), on the west coast of Sumatra island has no bustling port, with the name of Barus. Barus (Lobu Old - Tapanuli) is estimated to have been around 3000 years before Christ. Barus is known as the place of origin of mothballs. Turns camphor or camphor is used as a preservative one mummy of ancient Egyptian pharaohs.
In addition Barus, Sumatra there are also other ancient kingdoms. A source tells the Ancient Jewish manuscripts bekalan gold to build state of the Kingdom of Prophet Solomon was taken from an ancient kingdom in the Far East called Ophir. The possibility of Ophir is in West Sumatra. In West Sumatra there is a mountain Ophir. Friends of Mount Ophir (also known as G. Talamau) is one of the highest mountain in West Sumatra, which is contained in the Pasaman. Reportedly gold region in Sumatra which are the largest in the kingdom of Minangkabau. According to ancient sources, in that kingdom there are high mountains and containing gold. It is said that the center of the Minangkabau kingdom situated in the middle of digging gold. Gold-gold which is then exported from the port number, such as Kampar, Indragiri, Pariaman, Rat, Barus, and Pedir. Sumatra also stand Srivijaya Empire which later evolved into the first major kingdom in the archipelago which has the effect of up to Thailand and Cambodia in the north, to the east of the Moluccas.
Now the mineral wealth contained many mined Sumatra island. Many types of minerals found in the island of Sumatra in addition to gold. Sumatra has a variety of minerals, such as coal, gold, and lead. It is not impossible in fact materials such as gold mining and many others yet to be discovered on the island of Sumatra. Some people believe actually contains a lot of gold Sumatra apart from what is found now. If that is true then it will be known as the Sumatra island of gold back.

Java - Rice Island. 

Formerly known as Java Yavadvipa. Yavadvipa derived from Sanskrit which means "Island Rice" and called in the Hindu epic Ramayana. Epic said "Yavadvipa, decorated seven kingdoms, Island Gold and silver, with a rich gold mine", as one of the most remote parts of the earth. Greek geographer, Ptolemy also wrote about the existence of "the land of gold" and "silver state" and the islands, including the island "" Iabadiu "which means" Island Rice ".
Ptolemy mentions in the west end Iabadiou (Yavadvipa) located Argyre (Silver City). Silver City was likely the ancient Sundanese kingdom, Salakanagara located in western Java. Salakanagara in the history of Sunda (Wangsakerta) also called Rajatapura. Salaka interpreted together with the silver while the country of the city, so Salakanagara many interpreted as Silver City.
Java is also a great stand Majapahit empire. Majapahit kingdom was recorded as the largest in the archipelago who managed to unite the archipelago covering Sumatra, the Malay peninsula, Borneo, Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara islands, Maluku, Papua, and some islands of the Philippines. In Wang Ta-yuan notes, commodity exports at the time is Java pepper, salt, cloth, and a parrot. Its currency is made of a mixture of silver, tin, lead, and copper. In addition, note monks visit Rome in 1321, Odorico da Pordenone, said that the palace of the King of Java is filled with gold, silver, and gems.
According to many experts, is the world's most fertile island of Java. This makes sense, because the concentration of Java has a very high volcano. Many active volcanoes in Java. Mount is why Java is very fertile soil with nutrients that are needed by plants.
Raffles author of The History of Java was amazed at the natural fertility of Java that has no rival in any hemisphere. "If all the land that is used," he wrote, "there can be no region in the world that can match the quantity, quality, and variety of plants that produced this island."
Java is now supplying 53 percent of Indonesian food needs. Rice farming is widely available in Java because it has a remarkable fertility. Java is said to be Indonesia's rice granary. Java is also famous for its coffee called Java coffee. Rainfall and soil acidity in Java is very fitting for the cultivation of coffee. Much better than coffee in Latin America or Africa.
Other food agricultural products such as vegetables and fruits are also benyak in Java, for example peanuts, green beans, leeks, onions, potatoes, cabbage, turnips, cabbage, beans, carrots, green beans, spinach, cucumber, peppers, eggplant, squash, beans, tomatoes, avocado, citrus, durian, Duku, guava, rose apple, guava bol, pineapple, mango, papaya, banana, brown, bark, apples, grapes and rambutan. Even in Java are now trying to plant wheat and palm trees. It is not impossible if the land in Java is used and processed agricultural products to the maximum for Java can be very rich just from agriculture.

Small Sunda Islands (Bali, NTB and NTT) - Travel Islands. 

Ptolemaeus mentions, there are three named Sunda islands located in the east of India. Based on that information then the scientists using the European earth Sundanese word to name the region and some islands in eastern India. A number of islands that later formed the Sunda plains are named by using the term Sunda also the Great Sunda Islands and the Lesser Sunda Islands. Great Sunda Islands is the set consisting of the large island of Sumatra, Java, Madura and Kalimantan. While the Lesser Sunda islands is Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba, and Timor.
Small Sunda Islands area is known as a tourist area for its natural beauty is stunning. Since the first has anyone traveled to this area. Travelling around the 8th century sage Markandiya from Java to Bali, have to travel to bring keagaman missions. Similarly Kuturan professor who developed the concept of Tri Sakti in Bali came around the 11th century. In 1920 tourists from Europe began to come to Bali. Bali in Europe is also known as the Island of God.
In another place in the Lesser Sunda Islands precisely in the area of ​​West Nusa Tenggara known from the results of livestock such as horses, cattle, and buffalo. Horses have been known Nusa southeast world since hundreds of years ago. Century 13 M West Nusa Tenggara have sent horses to the island of Java. Lombok is also known as a place of kings holidays. The kings of the royal Balinese Narmada build in 1727 AD in the area of ​​Lombok Island to relieve fatigue moment of routines in the kingdom.
Small Sunda region is no less rich NTT, because in this area there is a very precious sandalwood. Sandalwood is a native plant that grows in the Indonesian province of East Nusa Tenggara. Companion sandalwood from East Nusa Tenggara have been trading since the early centuries AD. Since the early centuries AD, many traders from the western part of Indonesia and China sailed into various regions producing sandalwood in East Nusa Tenggara, especially the island of Sumba and Timor Island. Solomon is said to wear sandal to make the pillars in the temple of Solomon, and for musical instruments. Solomon's import timber from distant places which may sandalwood comes from the East.
Now the small Sunda Islands is a famous tourist spot in the world. Bali is a beautiful island in the world. Lombok is also one of the most beautiful places in the world. Meanwhile in the East Nusa southeast there is an ancient island inhabited only animal in the world that is still alive is dragons. Small Sunda Islands is a mysterious place and very charming. These islands can get a lot of travelers from all over the wealth of the world if managed optimally.

Borneo - energy Granary Island. 

But the name of the third largest island in the world is Warunadwipa which means God of the Sea Island. Borneo in Chinese news (T'ai p'ing huan yu chi) is called the li Chin Shih p'i. Nusa Kencana "is the designation of the island of Borneo in the ancient Javanese manuscripts. Malays call Hujung Island Land (P'ulo Chung). Borneo is the name used by the British and Dutch colonial.
In ancient times the foreign merchants come to the island looking for the commodity of natural products such as camphor, candles and bird nest to barter with high-value ceramic urn in the Dayak community. The Indian and Malay migrants entering estuaries to search for farming land and managed to find the gold and diamond mines in the island.
In Kalimantan, Kutai kingdom stands. Kutai Martadipura is patterned oldest Hindu kingdom in the archipelago. Name Kutai already mentioned since the 4th century (four) in the Indian news Kutai expressly mention the name "Quetaire" as well as the Chinese news on abat to 9 (nine) called Kutai as "Kho They" meaning the kingdom large. And at age 13 (thirteen) in ancient literature Kertagama State Book compiled by professor prapanca written with the term "Alas Kute". Kutai past civilizations is at the early milestone era in Indonesian history.
Now the island of Borneo is one of the barns natural resources in Indonesia have some resources that can be used as an energy source, such as coal, oil, gas and geothermal. Kalimantan Forests containing peat can be used as a good source of energy for electricity generation and heating instead of coal. The remarkable thing turns Borneo has plenty of reserves of uranium that could be used for nuclear power plants. Besides, Borneo also has another potential source provider that is a botanical or renewable energy. Botanical sources of energy or bioenergy from palm oil is oil. The island of Borneo is very rich.

Sulawesi - Iron Island. 

The Arabs called the Sulawesi with Sholibis name. The Dutch call this island by the name of Celebes. The island has been inhabited by humans since 30,000 years ago as evidenced by the presence of ancient relics on the island. For example, the location of prehistoric stone age Besoa Valley.
Sulawesi name supposedly comes from the word 'Sula' which means island and 'iron'. Sulawesi Island is the largest since the first bessi (iron), so it is not surprising Ussu and around the lake Matana containing iron and Nikkel. In Sulawesi once stood Luwu Kingdom, which is one of the oldest kingdoms in Sulawesi. Luwu an iron-producing region. Bessi Luwu or Luwu weapon (dagger or kawali) is very famous for its potency, not only in Sulawesi Sulawesi but also outside. In the history of Majapahit, Luwu area is tributary kingdom, besides known as a major supplier of iron to Majapahit, Maluku and others. According to records, since the XIV century Luwu has been known as a melting iron.
Sulawesi has also been established Kingdom of Gowa Tallo ever topped glory that radiates from Sombaopu, the capital of the Kingdom of Gowa Dobo strait to the east, to the north to Sulu, to the west up to the mammal and south through the Lesser Sunda, outside the island Bali up to Marege (northern Australia). It shows broad powers covering more than two thirds of the Archipelago.
During prosperous times will spice trade in the 15th century to 19, Sulawesi, Maluku islands as a gateway, an island rich in spices. Great kingdoms such as Makassar and Bone as mentioned in the history of eastern Indonesia, has played an important role. In the 14th century AD, the Sulawesi can make a boat to explore the world. Phinisi boat made Bugis society at that time was able to sail to Madagascar in Africa, a journey across the oceans which requires great determination and extraordinary courage. This proves that the Bugis have an amazing ability to make a boat, and has a nautical spirit high. At the same time the new Vasco da Gama first start exploration in 1497 in search of spices, and discovered new continents in the east, who previously pioneered Marco Polo.
Up to now Sulawesi is very rich in minerals include iron, copper, gold, silver, nickel, titanium, manganese cement, iron sand / black, sulfur, kaolin and mineral C as sand, stone, gravel and trass. If only managed well for the prosperity of the people of the whole people get rich Sulawesi.

Moluccas - the Spice Islands. 

Maluku has a real name "Jazirah al-Mulk" which means a collection / royal peninsula consisting of small kingdoms. Maluku is known as the Thousand Island region and socio-cultural diversity and abundant natural resources. The Dutch called it 'the three golden from the east' (three gold from the east) which Ternate, Banda and Ambon. Before the arrival of the Dutch, Portuguese writer and physician, Tome Pirez wrote the book 'Summa Oriental' that have inscribed on Ternate, Ambon and Banda as 'the island of spices'.
In the past Maluku region known as the producer of spices like cloves and nutmeg. Cloves are the ancient spice that has been known and used for thousands of years BC. The tree itself is native to the Moluccas (Ternate and Tidore), formerly known by the explorers as the Spice Islands.
In 4000 years ago in the kingdom of Egypt, Pharaoh 12th dynasty, Sesoteris III. Through the data regarding the transaction Egyptian archaeologists in importing incense, ebony, incense, ivory, from the mysterious land where "Punt" is derived. Although archaeological support is lacking, the country "baboons" can be identified after Giorgio Buccellati find a container that contains objects such as clove in the middle Euphrates. In the period 1700 BC, the cloves are just in the Maluku islands, Indonesia. In the Middle Ages (around 1600 AD) clove spice once one of the most popular and expensive in Europe, exceeding the price of gold.
In addition to cloves, spices from the Moluccas is the fruit of Nutmeg. Fruit Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) tree is a plant form that is derived from the Banda Islands, Maluku. Due to the high value as a spice, fruit and nutmeg trade has become an important commodity in the Roman period. Seeing the high price of spices that time many Europeans then look for the spice islands. Actually searched Christopher Columbus to the west is the road to the Moluccas, 'The Island of Spices' (Spice Islands), although in the end he just discovered a new continent called America. Spices are one of the reasons why the Portuguese explorer Vasco Da Gama reached India and the Moluccas.
Now the Moluccas could actually returned victorious with their crops if kept well developed. Maluku get rich crops and sea.

Papua - a paradise island. 

Papua is the second largest island in the world. At around the year 200 AD, Geography expert named Ptolamy LABADIOS call it by name. At the end of the year 500 AD, the Chinese author named Ghau Yu TUNGKI Kua gives the name, and by the end of the year 600 AD, the kingdom of Srivijaya Papua naming using JANGGI name. Tidore give a name to this island and its inhabitants as PAPA-UA that has changed the title into PAPUA. In 1545, Inigo Ortiz de Guinee Retes give NUEVA name and no other sailors who named ISLA DEL ORO which means the Island of Gold. Robin Osborne in his book, Indonesias Secret War: The Guerilla Struggle in Irian Jaya (1985), dubbed Indonesia's easternmost province as a lost paradise.
It is not known whether the BC ancient civilizations in Papua has been there kingdom. It could be that there are ancient civilizations have developed in Papua. At a conference on road and traffic lights in 1963 in Pretoria (South Africa), CS Downey argued about an isolated settlement in the middle of dense forest Wilhelmina Mountains (Peg. TRIKORA) in the western part of New Guinea (Papua) which have advanced lighting system. The merchants who painstakingly managed to penetrate into this settlement to tell horror illumination light very brightly lit from a few months in the top of the pillars there. The light bulbs seem strangely glowing after sunset and continued to burn throughout the night every day. We do not know the truth of this story but if true it is a wonderful thing and should continue to be investigated.
Papua has been known for its natural resources since the first. In the 18th century AD, the ruler of the kingdom of Srivijaya, sending offerings to the Chinese empire. In the offering would be some birds of paradise, which is believed to be a bird of paradise garden that is native of Papua. With a strong fleet Sriwijaya visit Maluku and Papua to trade spices - spices, perfume - perfume, pearls and feathers of birds of Paradise. At the time of Majapahit Kingdom a number of areas in Papua have been included in the territory of Majapahit. In the sixteenth century the North Coast to the West Bird's Head region until Namatota (Kab.Fak-fa) South side, as well as the islands - islands into the area surrounding the Sultan of Tidore.
Papua is very rich. Copper and Gold is a natural resource that are very abundant in Papua. Papua is famous for the production of the world's largest gold and various mining and natural resources that are so abundant. Papua is also touted as a small paradise that fell to earth. Papua is a biodiversity haven left on earth today. In 2006 reported a survey team consisting of American explorers, Indonesia and Australia conducted a review in most mountainous areas Foja Indonesian province of Papua. There they find a magic place which they called "lost world", and "Garden of Eden on earth", to see dozens of species of birds, butterflies, frogs and plants that have never been recorded in history. If managed well, the Papuans could be more prosperous with the abundant natural wealth.
So little has been written about the islands in Indonesia is very rich. From this work, that Indonesia is known as a rich earth since the time of ancient civilizations. We do not know exactly what ancient civilizations have existed in the archipelago. It could be that there has been an ancient civilization and prosper in Indonesian history is unrecorded. Brazilian scientist, Prof.. Dr.. Aryso Santos, confirms the theory that Atlantis is the area that is now called Indonesia. Indonesia is a region that is regarded as the heir of Atlantis. Plato says that Atlantis is a prosperous state that all the time sunbathe.
Oppenheimer in the book "Eden in the East: The Drowned Continent of Southeast Asia", submitted that the Sundaland (Indonesia) is the Garden of Eden (Garden of Eden). that the Garden of Eden (Eden) was not in the Middle East, but rather in Sundaland. Indonesia is a fertile and beautiful land that lies in the path of the fire ring (pacific ring of fire), which marked the presence of more than 500 volcanoes in Indonesia. Indonesia can be called a paradise surrounded by a ring of fire. But regardless of whether or not we all agree to say that the fact that Indonesia is a country very rich in agricultural products, sea and culture.
Native Indonesian culture has lived thousands of years before the Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations began writing on stone. Indonesian civilization probably did not start with the tradition of writing, but oral tradition has been rooted in the life and soul of the ancient people of our nation.
Indonesian Natural wealthy and well cared for by our ancestors also become one of the factors that make the archipelago a source of world attention. Indonesia is a country located at the equator which has abundant natural resources in addition to its strategic location geographically. Natural resources ranging from marine resources, forests, minerals to spread from Sabang to Merauke. Now start new mines are found in Indonesia. Indonesian people will be surprised by the wealth of nature what else will emerge from within the Earth Indonesia.
This rich earth if managed properly will make all the people of Indonesia can gain tremendous wealth so that it can be a time of Indonesia's people do not need to be taxed as it is today, and all facilities can be enjoyed for free blessing of abundant natural resources that are shared to the people fairly. Indonesia needs is a good ruler, fair and very good at loving people and reject any form of policies that make it difficult for society. It is time for Indonesia to rise towards glory. If it could be done Indonesian richest country in the world.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: December 05, 2013 at 16.22
Code  : 42S4EUXRR3UM.
Tag : Indonesia is the richest country in the ancient era.

Tuesday, 3 December 2013


Existing Successful People Now When We Read From His biography is not easy as we imagine, people only see 1% Success But Not Seeing 99% Of Failure, The Key to Success Is Learning From Failure, Fighting Continues And Always Dreaming.

Mark Elliot Zuckerberg Founder of Facebook.

Since Young has been an avid computer. While at Harvard was so rebellious student data by opening the website, he was sued. Facebook Then he made the world shake and bring it into the richest young people in the world.
His name is Mark Elliot Zuckerberg, born in Dobb's Ferry, West chester County, New York, May 14, 1984. Secondary schools in Ardsley High School, Ardsley, New York (1998-2000) and Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, New Hampshire (2000-2002). University education in the field of psychology, Harvard University (dropped out). Owned company, Facebook Inc.. Wealth of U.S. $ 1.5 billion (about USD 13.5 billion), ranked the world's 785 richest people by Forbes Magazine in 2008.
Are there which is not surprising from these data? The new Zuckerberg turns 24 in May this year. He did not finish college at Harvard University but managed to build up which makes collecting a wealth of up to Rp 13.5 trillion. Anyone would call extraordinary. "He is the youngest billionaire in the world today, and we believe he is too young billionaire in history who collects his own fortune," said Matthew Miller, associate editor of Forbes Magazine.
Before the Forbes never put young children in a row the world's richest people, but they got it from his parents died. While Zuckerberg got from their work. Then the magazine named Zuckerberg as "The Youngest` Self-made 'billionaire on the planet "this year.
Initially Student Directory Zuckerberg was born in the area called Dobbs Ferry, Westchester County, New York. He was the second of four children of parents dentist couple - psychiatrist. Since childhood, Zuckerberg likes tinkering with computers, computer programs and try to learn to make. His father bought him a computer since he was eight years old. While in high school Phillips Exeter Academy, he and his partner, D'Angelo, create plug-ins for Winamp MP3 player. Plug-in is a computer program that interacts with a host application such as a web browser or email for a particular purpose.
Zuckerberg and D'Angelo makes a plug-in to gather the favorite against various types of songs and then make his play list according to their tastes. They send it to the program to various companies including AOL (America Online) and Microsoft. In his last year at Phillips he was recruited by Microsoft and AOL for a project.
When the school went on to college gi ting the two should be separated. D'Angelo entered Caltech while Zuckerberg entered Harvard. In this Harvard Zuckerberg found the idea of ​​making books online student directory because the university did not share face book (a book containing photos of students and students in the university's identity) to the new students as a place of friendship between them. But every time he volunteered to make the directory, Harvard rejected. "They said they had no reason not to collect information (student)," said Zuckerberg then.
Although he rejected always looking for ways to make it happen. "I wanted to show that it can be done," he said about his stubborn refusal to make the directory.
His first project was CourseMatch ( which allows classmates to communicate with each other on the website. One night in his second year at Harvard, Harvard students Zuckerberg sabotage of data and put it into a website he created called Facemash. A number of photos posted there fellow student. Do not forget he put a sentence that asks visitors to determine which of these pictures are the most "hot". Inducement hit. Within four hours since he launched the website carrying 450 people and as many as 22,000 visit Facemash their photos open. Harvard parties know it and the internet connection was disconnected. Sued Zuckerberg for stealing the data. The curly-haired youngster apologized to colleagues whose picture entered in Facemash. But she does not regret her Tinda. "I think such information should be available (online)," he said.
Rather than give up he instead made a new website by the name of Facebook ( This website he launched in February 2004. Facebook is a refinement of Facemash. The goal remains as a place of meeting fellow Harvard students. In explanation on his website today mentioned that Facebook is a social tool to help people Berko more efficient communications with colleagues, family, or coworkers. Facebook offers easy navigation for users. Each account holder has space to display his picture, his friends, network, and do other things like being able to send messages and so forth.
The number of applications that can be used by members to make up for a lot of people liked. It is said that until now has over 20,000 Facebook applications put in that can be used by members. At least 140 new applications added to Facebook every day and 95% owner of Facebook accounts have attempted to use nWill at least one application.
Investments in many of these applications makes Facebook different from previous social networking websites such as MySpace. And people flocked to visit the website and sign up to be members. Within two weeks after launch, half of Harvard students already have an account on Facebook. In fact not only Harvard students who are interested, a few campuses around Harvard had asked be included in the Facebook network. It makes Zuckerberg overwhelmed. He then asked his two friends to help build its join Facebook. Within four months Facebook has been able to encompass 30 campuses. By the end of 2004 the number of Facebook users has reached one million.
Facebook users continues to increase. In fact there are a number of people who no longer work as a student or are still in school wants to join. The high insistence makes Zuckerberg and his friends decided to open a Facebook network for high school students (here SMU) in September 2005. Soon they also open networking office workers. This incredible busyness makes Zuckerberg dropped out of Harvard to decide. "What I want is already in hand. I do not want to have a diploma later work. In my opinion, the work is only for people who are weak, "he told the magazine Current.
Zuckerberg and his friends then develop up even further. In September 2006 Facebook opened registration to a common network with the requirement to have an email. Since then the number of Facebook members bolted.
When this number reaches 70 million active members worldwide. Networks in the network was collecting six million (to groups of friends) covers 55,000 networks based on demographics, work, school, collegial, and so on. Every day there are 14 million photos are uploaded (put up). And in terms of the amount of traffic access of Facebook being a website the 6th most active in the world and become the second largest social networking website camScore version.
Selling Stocks So Rich, Facebook's total membership of the millions of people it became a lucrative gold mine. Zuckerberg and his friends also captures a great business opportunity. Therefore, when the number of users exceeded one million they took Accel Part ners, venture capital firms, to finance its development. Invested capital is U.S. $ 12.7 million. This is the second investment coming to Facebook after the previous (June 2004) obtain from the founder of PayPal and U.S. $ 500,000. Settling first with the additional capital it is by clicking change his domain from www. Thefacebook. corn into in August 2005. After the range was expanded to an international membership. As of December 2005 the number of members has reached 5.5 million.
Although the number of users increase sharply in 2005 mentioned Facebook Menga lami losses of up to U.S. $ 3.63 million. Facebook then get a funding of U.S. $ 25 million from Greylock Partners and Meritech Capi tal Partners. The funds were used to launch its mobile version.
In September 2007 Microsoft approaches and offered to buy 5% stake worth about U.S. $ 300 million to U.S. $ 500 million. If it is approved then the value of Facebook capitalization reached U.S. $ 6 billion to U.S. $ 10 billion, or around Rp 54 trillion to Rp 90 trillion. However, Microsoft has finally announced just bought a 1.6% stake in Facebook with a value of U.S. $ 240 million in October 2007. This transaction demonstrates the value of Facebook was higher capitalization of around U.S. $ 15 billion (approximately U.S. $ 135 billion).
After that surrounded the bid amount Facebook. Li Ka-shing was mentioned come to invest approximately U.S. $ 60 million in November 2007. Then there is news that says Viacom, Yahoo, Google, and so, too, offered to buy Facebook. So far Zackerberg said Facebook will not be sold.
Facebook made a business boom Zackerberg accumulate tremendous wealth. Forbes magazine said Zackerberg own wealth reached U.S. $ 1.5 billion, or about Rp 13.5 trillion. Let alone for Zackerberg age children, for adults treasure as it certainly was an unusually large amount. So naturally, if the magazine was crowned as 'The Youngest Self-made' billionaire on the planet.
Zackerberg achievements not really smooth. A number of cases he get in connection with Facebook. Including from colleagues at Harvard who said Facebook design is actually a clone of ConnectU. However Zackerberg budge that Facebook is the result of his work. Although ConnectU lost the first trial, the company recently filed a petition in March 2008.
Controversy also come from countries like Myanmar, Bhutan, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iran and so on which mentions that Facebook promotes attacks on government authority so that access to Facebook in the closed state.
Amid some controversy, the name of Facebook and Mark Zackerberg still resented by many people. Zackerberg own popularity in the middle of his name and the amount of wealth he has, he remains modest. He still lives in a rented apartment and her room is only available in a table and chairs. Beds were placed on the floor. When it comes to his office in Palo Alto, Zackerberg often on foot or riding a bicycle. Not appear to be a millionaire (in U.S. $ dollars, of course) or a billionaire (in dollars). Thank you for reading this article.
Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: December 03, 2013 at 23.00
Code  :  42S4EUXRR3UM.