History carrier.The aircraft carrier was first used by the British Navy, but until the second world war western countries including the United States are still reluctant to use it as a naval force main. The conventional concept of a naval fleet at that time was dominated by heavy cruise ship, cruise ship, destroyer (destroyer) with a size large enough cannon this is due to that the aircraft carrier is seen quite vulnerable and risky when used in maritime operations.
Is the Japanese Navy (Kaigun) which uses mains ship effectively at the beginning of World War II. Due to the maritime agreement between the United States and Japan as well as France and Germany agreed tonnage ratio of 5: 5: 3: 1.5: 1.5 for the USA, UK, Japan, France and Germany to Japan outsmart by making carrier medium size but equipped strength deadly air even reap the anger of the military itself. Evidence from Japanese engineering is an attack on Pearl Harbor December 9, 1941 that brought the West will function carrier that can carry out deadly attacks on opponents target installation. When the start of the Pacific War, Japan has six aircraft carrier that is Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, Hiryu, Shokaku, and Zuikaku, and 2 light carrier is Hosho and Ryujo. Japan lost four mother ship at the Battle of Midway, the Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu. Since then, the offensive-offensive Japan using aircraft carrier has been discontinued and is meaningless anymore.
Countries using the carrier.USA
Countries that have used the carrier.Germany
The types of aircraft carrier.In terms of propulsion.
In terms of fuel, there are two types of carriers are:
Nuclear aircraft carrier.
Carriers using nuclear-powered engine derived from nuclear reactors that are on the vessel connected to the steam turbine. The resulting steam is in addition to the Parent ship as ship propulsion is also used as a source of electric power and steam power is used as a pressure regulator on the aircraft carrier catapult to launch the shuttle. For the United States Fleet ship was coded nuclear aircraft carrier CVN example is the USS Ronald Reagan, USS Kitty Hawk, USS Enterprise.
Carriers Conventional.The ship is using diesel-powered engines for example, is 25 de Mayo (Argentina), Giuseppe Garibaldi (Italy), RTN Chakkri Narruebet (Thailand). For US Fleet usually used code CV and currently rarely used.
Technical Launch Aircraft.Conventional carrier (CTOL / Conventional Take Off Landing)
Aircraft carrier of this type usually are large because the deck is used as a landing and launch aircraft in conventional (regular). Equipped with catapults to launch aircraft and arrester cable (anchoring) to assist aircraft landing, as long aircraft carrier deck is shorter than the length of the runway at the base. In addition to aircraft parking space in addition to the room which was on the hull. Ships Aircraft Carriers US Navy used the average is the carrier of this kind. Example: USS Ronald Reagan, USS John F Kennedy. Kiev (Russia), 25 de Mayo (Argentina), Foch and Charles de Gaulle (France)
Carriers STOVL (Short Take Off Vertical Landing).The ship is usually medium / light, has Sky Jump is used to launch aircraft and aircraft landing is done vertically. Therefore, the aircraft used is a special kind of fighter aircraft AV-8 Harrier sort (USA), Harrier II Plus (UK), 38 Forger Yak, Yak 141 Freehand (Russia) or helicopter. In Russian warplanes are usually equipped laser for easy landing. Most countries use this type of Parent ship because it requires maintenance and operational costs are lower than CTOL aircraft carrier types. Examples of this type of carrier is: HMS Invincible, HMS Ark Royal (UK), Giuseppe Garibaldi (Italy), Prince de Asturias (Spain), Viraat, Vikrant (India), Novorossysk (Russia), Chakri Narruebet (Thailand), USS Tarrawa (USMC.)
Functional terms.Carriers Fleet
Fact carrier.Aircraft carrier consists of 3 types when viewed from the type of driving, namely having nuclear, Diesel and turbine.
Accommodate at least 6,000 aircraft carrier crew and 70 to 80 aircraft.
Aircraft carrier assembled least consist of components that terintegerasi 1.milliar into a ship construction.
The aircraft carrier has a length of about 1,000 feet (300-meter)
Mother ship never sailed off alone at sea, aircraft carrier group has a fleet of destroyers, cruisers, corvettes, ship supply of food, water and fuel, as well as a submarine (submarine)
The aircraft landed with the aircraft carrier is a challenge for pilots, because it uses the Hook (hook) and on the way down to the flight deck does not reduce speed, hastening the landing aircraft to avoid failure so that the aircraft can fly again when it happens.
In the American aircraft carrier, workers on board with colorful vest specifically to find out their duties. for example, the officer in charge of air-red vest put bombs and missiles to aircraft body, yellow vest as guiding and steering the plane, a white vest as crew landing markers, brown vest as water wing plane captain, purple vest as fuel filler officer, green vest responsible for the installation of aircraft catapult for driving and photography and cargo business, as well as a blue vest in charge of aircraft and aircraft elevator operators, tractor drivers and also liaison.
A nuclear-powered aircraft carrier can sail without refueling for 20 years.
'island' is the name for the command tower located above the deck, it ranges from 46 meters high and 6 meters wide. In part this is the command center held
There are two types of configurations is version Flat deck landing deck and sky deck Jump (used for aircraft take-off and landing Short / STOL takeoff and vertical landing / VTOL usually inhabited by a fleet of Harrier aircraft or Yakovlev (russia / soviet).
To fly, aircraft driven by a 'catapult' high pressure which will drag and throw aircraft to shorten the distance to take off.
In addition to using the 'hook' for landing, the pilot guided by a lamp that was on the deck of the ship to position the aircraft will land on the corner and a safe position. The guiding lights called "meatball" (meatball runaway deck located on the left)
Aircraft hangar located below decks are made resistant to explosions and fire resistant and there is an elevator that duty picked up the deck launcher.
The aircraft carrier is equipped with a variety of missiles for self-defense (defense), among others, such as the Phalanx and seasparrow (two missile carrier in the US)
Aircraft carrier could have a weight range 15000-90000 tons
Besides looking grim, in the carrier also has other facilities such as bars, cinemas, medical room, sports facilities etc.
Jet blast deflectors, serves as a barrier to prevent the explosion of the plane was behind it, while preparing the launch aircraft, the aircraft in a state associated with catapults and jet blast deflector in the raised position and a position just behind the tail. usually there are four Jet Blast deflector in a carrier. Thank you for reading this article.
Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno. firstname.lastname@example.org
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: November 24, 2014 at 11:15
Code : 42S4EUXRR3UM