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Tuesday, 1 October 2019


Welcome to the town of Kediri.

By introducing the name Bambang Sunarno authors also introduce Kediri city as a historic site and original culinary style East Java, Indonesia.
In the town of Kediri there is a historic site called the Cave Selomangleng.

Maskumambang lake.

Maria Lourdes cave Kediri.
Maria Lourdes cave and Dolo Waterfall that has been known to foreign tourists.
Puh Sarang Church Kediri.
The tourists always visit every holiday or there is an opportunity to visit with family Kediri, while Maria Lourdes cave is a site that describes in detail the crucifixion of Jesus and also used for followers of the Christian ritual.

Dolo Waterfall Kediri.
Dolo waterfall is in great demand by newcomers from abroad or locally to enjoy the beauty of high fountain and splash water on the gentle breeze and feel fresh.

When you visit at night there is a culinary providers lined all the way Doho until evening at 24.00, and for the guests do not have to worry, because every time you come always in a good and satisfactory inviting.
If you want to Kelud, please contact a travel-travel that is available in the town of Kediri and you will get a place to take you.
So, thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: September 15, 2019 at 17.49
Bambang Sunarno.
Tag : Welcome.

Bambang Sunarno signatur.

Saturday, 24 August 2019


Orion is one of the well-known constellations. Orion constellation boundaries drawn in dotted yellow line.
A constellation of stars or constellation is a group of stars that appear to form a special configuration. In three-dimensional space, most of the stars that we observe not have relationships with each other, but can be seen as a group on the ball of the night sky. Humans have a very high ability to recognize patterns and throughout history have grouped the stars that appear close together into constellations. The composition is not an official constellation, which is widely known by the public but are not recognized by astronomers or the International Astronomical Association, also called asterism. The stars in the constellation or asterism rarely have a relationship astrophysics; they just happen to be appear close together in the sky visible from Earth and is usually very far apart.
Grouping the stars into constellations is actually quite random, and different cultures would have different constellations, although some are very easily recognizable usually often found, such as Orion or Scorpius.
International Astronomical Association has divided the sky into 88 official constellations with clear boundaries, so that every direction is only owned by one constellation only. In the hemisphere (hemisphere) to the north, most of the star constellation is based on the Greek tradition, passed down through the Middle Ages, and it contains the symbols of the Zodiac.
Various other patterns that do not officially exist together with constellations and called asterism, such as Pirates (also known in the USA as the Big Dipper) and Little Dipper

Chinese constellations.

Chinese constellations are the way of Chinese in the grouping of stars. This grouping is very different from the official grouping known today. This grouping is based on the development of the science of astronomy in the days of Ancient China. Observers at the time of Ancient China grouping the stars into 31 areas, called Three Limits (Three Enclosures, 三 垣, San Yuan) and Twenty Eight Big House (Twenty-eight Mansions, 二十八宿, Ershíbā Xiu). Three Limitations include areas close to the North Pole sky. The stars are located in this area will be visible throughout the year. Twenty Eight Big House covers an area of ​​the zodiac in the sky. Zodiac is the same as that of the 12 zodiac western astronomy. Unlike the western astronomy, Twenty Eight Big House reflects the movement of the Moon. Three Limitations and Twenty Eight Great Houses were then divided into 23 asterisms. Every star that looks set to be included into one of the asterisms asterisms and some have only one star.  Traditionally, a star named with its asterism combination with numbers.

Three Limitations.

Three Limitation Limitation consists of the Forbidden Purple (Purple Forbidden Enclosure, 紫微 垣, Zǐ Wei Yuan), palace limit the Supreme (Supreme Palace Enclosure, 太微 垣, Tai Wei Yuan) and Market Limitations in the Sky (Heavenly Market Enclosure, 天市 垣, Tian Shi Yuan). Limitation of the Forbidden Purple covers most of the northern part of the area in the sky. Based on the views of Ancient China, the Forbidden Purple limits are in the middle area of ​​the sky and surrounded by other stars.
Limitation of the Highest Palace is located in the east and north of the Forbidden Purple limits, while the Market Limits in the Sky is located in the west and south. Three limitations of each bounded by a "wall" where asterism with various shapes representing his name.

Star Mapping in China.

Ancient Chinese astronomers at the time of giving names to the stars that can be seen systematically, about 1000 years before Johann Bayer do it the same way. Essentially, every star was placed on an asterism, then added a number / numbers behind it, so the formula is the "name of the asterism" + "number / number". Giving figures / numbers does not depend on the magnitude of magnitude as was done by Johann Bayer, but rather to its position in the asterism.
For example, Altair 河鼓 二 given name in Chinese, is 河鼓 asterism its name (which means drum in the River). 二 is a given number (meaning "two"). Then it became "second star constellation / asterism Drum on the river".
But some stars are given names based on mythology and astrology. Like the example above, Altair also known as 牛郎星 or 牵牛星 (star rider Cow) in Chinese language, based on mythology riders Cow and Girl Weaver (one of the Chinese mythology). The star naming system also applies to the period of modern China. Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: August 24, 2014 at 20:40
Tag : Constellations.
Code : 42S4EUXRR3UM

Sunday, 11 January 2015

Poisonous caterpillar.

Caterpillar is the most avoided by humans, in addition to several types can make the body itching, also become pests for crop production.

Caterpillars which are categorized as dangerous, among which are  :

The Saddleback Caterpillar

The Saddleback Caterpillar
Caterpillar beautiful, but be careful if exposed to the toxin can cause symptoms of swelling, nausea and rash for days. Caterpillar is quite greedy and eat all kinds of plants. There in the garden, flower pots, garden and others.

The Cinnabar Moth Caterpillar

The Cinnabar Moth Caterpillar
Classified as a voracious caterpillar, but if he ran out of food then happened is mutual cannibalism among caterpillars.

To maintain the caterpillar life is equipped with enough venom deadly weapon for prey. If the man touched the poison that makes us itch and rash all over the body

The Monarch Caterpillar

The Cinnabar Moth Caterpillar
His appearance was funny, yellow striped black and white. If these caterpillars are hatched, not visible to the human eye because their size is so small.

These caterpillars grow very fast, it has an average length of 2 inches (5 cm). If you've become butterflies, Monarch Caterpillar very pretty and beautiful

The Gypsy Moth Caterpillar

The Gypsy Moth Caterpillar
The hallmark of this type of worm is to have a lot of hair on his head, and unique in the caterpillar body just a little hairy. The hair can cause pain and for those who come in contact dermatitis.

They are very fond of some kind that leaves maple, elm and oak. These caterpillars can also cause trees become dead.

The Bag Shelter Caterpillar

The Bag Shelter Caterpillar
Among all kinds of other caterpillar, caterpillar is very toxic and dangerous, can cause death in humans. Early symptoms of shortness of breath and a rash all over its body. The caterpillars feed on the leaves, and come out at night.

The Puss Caterpillar

The Puss Caterpillar
The most poisonous caterpillar in North America is the Slug Caterpillar Puss or Woolly. Do not be fooled by the appearance of fluffy cotton ball as it will let go sour on anything that touches and laden with poisonous spines all over his body. Symptoms of a sting can last several days and include headache, nausea and vomiting. Contained in citrus trees, elm and oak.

The Stinging Rose Caterpillar

The Stinging Rose Caterpillar
Less than one inch in length. This species has feathers spiked with poison glands. When touching the barbed hairs, then the poison directly into the body and cause a skin rash and hypersensitivity reactions. These caterpillars can be found in woody plants such as dogwood, maple, oak, cherry, apple, poplar and hickory.

The Hickory Tussock Caterpillar

The Hickory Tussock Caterpillar
The venom of this type caterpillars progress when it comes in contact with hair or spines and cause a skin rash or hypersensitivity.

Hickory Tussock generally visible from June to September and can be found in southern Canada or North America.

The Io Moth Caterpillar

The Io Moth Caterpillar
Two types of toxins are released from the back of the caterpillar of this kind lead to burning and inflammation. They eat a lot of trees and shrubs including willow, maple, elm, oak, holly, aspen, locust, cherry, pear and sassafras.

This species can be found in nature, meadows and cornfields forest from February to September.

The Spinny Oak Slug Caterpillar

The Spinny Oak Slug Caterpillar
This caterpillar color is beautiful and has a length of less than one inch. Toxins released by the spines can cause severe reactions. These caterpillars like to eat palm, willow, ash, oak, hackberry and chestnut along with other trees and woody plants smaller.

This species can be found in the forests of southern Quebec to Maine and south through Missouri, Texas and Florida. Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: January 11, 2015 at 15:30
Tag : Poisonous caterpillar.
Code : 42S4EUXRR3UM

The most deadly animals.

Turtles Alligators.

Turtles Alligators.This predator is the largest freshwater turtle in North America, which can weigh up to 100 kg or more, and live in lakes, rivers and swamps. Although his body is equipped with powerful jaws and sharp claws, this creature tortoise animal remains, and not be able to catch their prey quickly. Instead, he used a hunting technique very similar to that of the pit viper Cantil.
This animal moves in the water, it looks like a harmless stone with wide-open jaws. His tongue had extra meat that looks like a worm, and turtles can move about the meat to make it look like worms.


Anglerfish.Anglerfish is a kind of deep-sea fish, is widely known for his performances were terrible and bizarre reproductive habits. They are also the most famous fish of all predators who use the lure technique. Interestingly, only female who has an antenna, the antenna is actually the spines protruding from the back over the mouth of a fish as a fishing rod. At the end of the spine there is an organ like a glowing ball that contains bacteria that can produce blue-green light that is similar to the fireflies.
When fish or other invertebrates captivated, anglerfish swallow it whole, stomach and bones are very flexible which allows the fish can eat prey up to 2 times the size of his body.

Air-tentacles snake

Air-tentacles snake.Tentacles snake found in Southeast Asia and the eastern parts are mostly aquatic species that eat fish. His most famous feature is the strange fleshy tentacles at the muzzle.
The tentacles are actually very sensitive sensor, which allows the snake to detect movement in the water and attack any fish swimming nearby. Another interesting trait is the speed of this snake that strikes with tentacles are incredible, it takes only 15 milliseconds for the snake to catch its prey.

Green Stork

Green Stork.Green heron known like small objects dropped onto the surface of the water, hope there is a small fish that deceived who thought that the object is food, then this heron quickly catch unsuspecting victims. Not all green heron using this technique, but they are becoming very talented, and they are even experimenting with different types of bait.
Some storks ever seen stealing bread because he never saw people feeding the ducks in the pond by using bread as bait. Another Stork known to catch small fish but not to be eaten, but are used as bait for larger fish.
Some experts believe that they learn from humans, while others think that their own learning by observing how small fish will investigate small objects or animals that fall into the water. This behavior is not intuitively obvious, which makes this very green heron may be the most intelligent predator.


Coati.Coati females and young males living in large groups, while adult males often live alone. They are renowned for their intelligence, and although they mostly eat worms, eggs, fruits and insects, they armed large fangs and claws are strong and sometimes able to hunt larger animals.
According to some accounts, one of the favorite foods coati is a green iguana. Big lizard is often found in the tree, so coati prepared using teamwork to hunt them. Some Coati climb trees and scare iguana that jumped to the ground, and the other coatis quickly catch them. Iguana is instinctively programmed to jump to the ground whenever they feel threatened. That's what makes these simple tricks coati be very effective.

Fireflies Photuris

Fireflies Photuris.Fireflies not true flies, they include Coeleoptera order, they beetles. They are famous for their ability to produce light. Most fireflies use their light to communicate with each other, most of the other is to attract a mate.
Photinus females have very short wings and can not fly, but males can. During mating season, male Photinus fly above the ground and radiate flicker to attract females. Females are on the ground watching Photinus males and respond by blinking light as well. Then enter Photuris fireflies. This creature spied Photunis and females of the species mimic their patterns flashing to attract male fireflies so as not suspicious. When the male fireflies down to the ground preparing to marry, they are quickly attacked and eaten by Photuris fireflies.
Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: January 11, 2015 at 12:52
Tag : The most deadly animals.
Code : 42S4EUXRR3UM

Found trapped in rocks.

Flies head killers.
Killer fly species that lived in prehistoric times and now extinct found trapped in amber transparent. Male and female flies of the species named Burmapogon Bruckschi was discovered in the Valley Hukawang, Myanmar.

Fly killer trapped in a transparent stone.According to the researchers, the specimen measuring 2.5 inches and up to 100 million years old.
B. Bruckschi add more than 7,500 species of fly killers are now.
Flies that gets its name from the accuracy of their way to kill: after the ambush, fly killer ekoskeleton stab their prey and inject digestive juices so they could suck up the liquid that is in the body of the prey.
But the small predators were not immune to the resin. Insects can be trapped in the amber current flowing resin of trees where they perch.
Previously, the history of the new killer flies in the fossil limestone.
"Translucent amber stone gives researchers a new window to the ecology in the Cretaceous Period and enlightening about the evolutionary history of a family of flies," said Torsten Dikow, researchers at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.
Wing fly killer trapped in a transparent stone."Fossils of ancient flies well preserved so that you can almost imagine they're flying now," he added.
T. Dikow identify differences B. Bruckschi with their relatives who are still alive. B. bruckschi has a flat antenna, the structure of the V-shaped eyes, spiny hind legs, and feathers cover the sharp mouth.
Species, along with other types of fly killer named Cretagaster raritanensis, described in the 21 April edition of the Journal of the American Museum Novitates.
The second new species identified as a new species. The fossils found in chunks of amber in New Jersey in 1999. Thank you for reading this article.
Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: January 11, 2015 at 12:19
Tag : Found trapped in rocks.
Code : 42S4EUXRR3UM

Gold producing countries.

Gold ingot.
Gold is the stuff that has incredible charm. Gold can increase social status in society. Besides, gold prices tend to rise each year the main attraction for the people, they can save money without the burden of administration, but its growing every year like flowers given bank. Not surprisingly, the demand for gold in the world continues to increase.

These countries include :


Muratu gold mine in the Kyzylkum Desert in downtown Uzbakistan is the reason Uzbekistan in the list of gold producing country in the world. This mine produced 90 tonnes of gold / year. Estimated reserves Uzbakistan has 2,100 tons of gold reserves.


Indonesia also has one of the largest gold mines in the world, Papua gold mine in Grasberg, Batu Hijau, Seven Hills, Hertzberg centered in the province of Papua. Indonesia, on average produces about 100 tonnes of gold / year.


Ghana is one of the countries that its land is rich in minerals in the African continent. Annual gold production reached 100 tons / year. The number of its gold production is increasing every year.


Red Lake gold mine in Ontario is the largest gold mine in Canada. Accounted for 50% of Canada's gold production annually. Canadian gold production reached 110 tons of gold / year.


Gold production in Peru reached 150 tons / year. The biggest contributor of the Lagunas Norte whose production reached 23 ton / year, as well as from other cities, Cajamarca, La Libertad, Apurimac, and Arequipa.

South Africa.

South Africa is the country's largest gold producer on the African continent. Annual gold production reached 190 tons / year, while the gold reserves reached 49,000 tons. The main gold mines in the Witwatersrand Basin are Archaen.


The average Russian produce as much as 200 tons of gold / year, with its gold reserves reached 7,200 tons of gold. Gold mining is concentrated in Chutka, Olympiada, Voro and Khabarovsk.

United States.

Total gold production annual average of 237 tons / year, mostly in getting from mines in Montana and Nevada Desert.


Australian average produce as much as 270 tonnes of gold / year. The biggest gold producer is concentrated in Western Australia, South Australia and New South Wales. While the biggest gold reserves in the Super Pit, Kalgoorlie, Telfer, Agnew, Boddington and Sunrise Dam.


China's average gold production reached 360 tons / year. Five provinces are the biggest contributor to gold in Shandong, Henan, Jiang Xi, Fujian and Mongolia. Thank you for reading this article. Written and posted by Bambang Sunarno.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: January 11, 2015 at 11:27
Tag : Gold producing countries.
Code : 42S4EUXRR3UM

Wednesday, 24 December 2014

Time for Christmas.

Merry Christmas.

May the light of Christmas will stay in our hearts and be a light to the family as well as others. I hope the new year brings a lot of hope and encouragement for the work. Merry Christmas to the celebrating, and Happy New Year to all Blogger in the world.
Christmas tree.

Christmas greetings.

To all Bloggers around the world, with this Bambang Sunarno say "Merry Christmas"

May the friendship between Blogger continuously interwoven.
name: Bambang Sunarno.
DatePublished: December - 2014.

Bambang Sunarno.

Bambang Sunarno signature.
Tag : Time for Christmas.
Code : 42S4EUXRR3UM